Tuesday, 9 February 2021

International Journal on Multicultural Literature (IJML) Volume 11, Number 1, January 2021--Contents


Amazon Kindle version link:



Preface 5


1. A Discourse Analysis of the Use of Code-switching

in the Novels The Alchemist and The Pilgrimage by Paulo Coelho 11

Albatool Abalkheel and Razia Sultana

2. Woman and Nature: An Ecofeminist Study of

Amitav Ghosh’s Gun Island 19

Vikash Gope

3. Contextualizing Socio-Cultural Dynamics in Tagore’s

Novel The Wreck 27

Monali Chatterjee

4. East-West Encounter in Ramesh K. Srivastava’s Short Stories 37

Leela Kanal

5. Symbolism in Ramesh K. Srivastava’s Cooperative Colony: Stories

and Masks and Men: Stories 44

Barinder K. Sharma


1. William B. Irvine’s the Stoic Challenge: A Philosopher’s Guide to

Becoming Tougher, Calmer, and More Resilient 50

Gopinath Khutia

2. Rain Reveries of Recent Parlance: A Review of

Asim Kumar Paul’s Chap Book of Poetry Rain 53

Gagana Bihari Purohit


1. Elegy on Professor T V Reddy 58

K. V. Dominic

2. In Memoriam 61

D. C. Chambial

Page 8  International Journal on Multicultural Literature (IJML) Vol.11, No. 1, January 2021

3. Counting Your Absences 64

Jaydeep Sarangi

4. Unforgettable Moments with Prof. T. V. Reddy 66

P C K Prem

5. Prof. T. V. Reddy: A Poet-Friend Par Excellence 68

Manas Bakshi

6. Tribute to T. V. Reddy 72

Sibasis Jana

7. Dr T. V. Reddy in West Bengal, the Land of Rabindranath Tagore 74

Rita De

8. Explication of T. Vasudava Reddy’s Light Eternal—A Spiritual Epic 78

Ramesh Chandra Mukhopadhyaya


1. A Man of Gold 81

Ramesh K. Srivastava

2. Around the Death of a Poet 88

Bhaskar Roy Barman

3. Seetha’s Resolve 93

K. V. Dominic


1. Sita’s Sisters 100

Sanjukta Dasgupta

2. Dhoti Dance 101

Sanjukta Dasgupta

3. The Path-Finder 102

Sanjukta Dasgupta

4. Hell with You, Corona 104

D. C. Chambial

5. Thank You Corona 105

D. C. Chambial

6. Surrogacy 107

Sagar Mal Gupta

Contents  Page 9

7. Poetry is Ubiquitous 109

Sagar Mal Gupta

8. Whither Heavenly Gaze? 110

S. L. Peeran

9. Dominance of Myths and Superstitions 112

S. L. Peeran

10. Where Gods Clash 113

S. L. Peeran

11. Life During Unlock-5 114

Asim Kumar Paul

12. For You, Sara Gilbert 117

Subodh Sarkar

13. A Piece of Bread 118

Subodh Sarkar

14. Relocation 119

Gopal Lahiri

15. Two Worlds 120

Gopal Lahiri

16. Femininity Unrivaled 121

Tangirala Sree Latha

17. Watan ki Mitti (Dirt-Earth of Your Homeland) 123

Anita Nahal

18. Know Your Wheel, Homo Sapiens 125

Anita Nahal

19. 50 Shades of Feminism 127

Adaa Dev

20. Traffic Lights 128

Adaa Dev

21. Chameleons or Humans 130

V. Meenashy

22. Shades Of Love 131

V. Meenashy

23. The Stream of Thought 132

Rita De

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24. Needle 132

Rita De

25. Aim 133

Dimple B Theophilose

26. What’s Me? 134

Dimple B Theophilose

27. Once the Hush Called Me 135

Dimple B Theophilose

28. b e i n g and beyonding … 136

Sudarshan Kcherry

Sunday, 7 February 2021



Preface 3


S. Chelliah

The Fictional Forte and Evolution of Social Vision as

Projected in the Fictional and Non-Fictional Works of V.S. Naipaul:

A Brief Analysis 9

Satyam S. Moorty

John Keats’s Letters: Dialogue between Self and Soul 17

K. Balachandran

K. V. Dominic’s “God’s Tribunal” as the Departure from the Reality 22

Richa Bhardwaj

Community, Solidarity and Perseverance in the Times of Epidemic:

Albert Camus’s The Plague 29

C. Ramya

Sri Aurobindo as ‘The Pioneer of the New Age and

the Spokesman of the New Truth’: An Appraisal 36

J. Kavithanjali

Swami Vivekananda’s Religion as Man-making and

Spiritual Vision as Prophetic Tool Touching all Shores of

Human Life: An Appraisal 45


Kh. Kunjo Singh

Dr. K. Balachandran’s For Whom Does It Rain? 52

Neelanjana Pathak

A Critical Appraisal of Ishika Bansal’s Threads of Life &

My Diary and Other Poems 57


Stephen Gill

Lockdowns Cannot Suppress the Spirit of Poets 61

Mousumi Ghosh

Ogress Karkati of Yogavasistha Ramayana and the Coronavirus 65

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Ramesh K. Srivastava

The Reconciliator 69

T. Vasudeva Reddy

His Last Journey 75

Ketaki Datta

Kanhaiya’s Ordeal 82

Padmini Viswanathan

All for a Lark 87


P C K Prem

1. Edgy Times 93

Laksmisee Banerjee

1. Corona Times 96

2. Migrant Crowds in Covid Times 98

D. C. Chambial

1. I Know Not 99

2. EMS 100

3. Birds of Peace 101

Jaydeep Sarangi

1. Dancing the Light 102

2. In My Home Town 103

Ramesh Chandra Mukhopadhyaya

1. Om Tat Sat 104

2. Global Family 105

Artha Perla

1. Untitled Deliberation… 106

2. Musings at an Uncertain time… 107

Asim Kumar Paul

1. Selection is Stalled 109

Barathi S.

1. Ode to my beloved Child 111

Bharati Nayak

1. If I can turn into a Poem 112

2. A Cracked Letter 114

Contents  Page 7

Bhaskar Roy Barman

1. The Crown 115

Biswanath Kundu

1. We shall overcome 117

2. Earth after Rebirth 119

Kasturi Siva Prasad

1. The Gift in Return 120

2. An Anathema 121

3. Now I Realise 121

A. Kayalvizhi

1. O My Gracious God! 122

2. Patriarchal Pitfalls 123

3. Thank You Corona! 124

P. V. Krishnamacharyulu

1. Covid Blues 125

2. Boomerang 126

Leena Rajan

1. Pristine Ambience 127

2. Planet Earth is closed for Repair 129

Naheed Akhtar

1. On Nature’s Calamity 130

2. The White Pigeon 131

Omkar Arunkumar Kundu

1. I Changed the Fact 132

S. Padmapriya

1. Our Own, Failed Us 133

Parthajit Ghosh

1. Carnivalesque 136

Pijush Kanti Maiti

1. Returning to The Land 138

2. Belongingness 139

3. Migrants 139

Rajiv Khandelwal

1. Covid Poem 1 140

2. Covid Poem 2 141

3. Covid Poem 3 141

Page 8  International Journal on Multicultural Literature IJML

N. Ramamani Sampath

1. The Pandemic 142

Rita De

1. Waking Dream 144

2. Flapping 145

3. The Janus Mind 145

4. The Quest 145

Runjhun Kapoor

1. Let the Time Fade Away 146

Sabita Chakraborty

1. Globalisation of Love 147

2. Strange 148

Samridh Rela

1. The Epitome of Sacrifice 149

2. The Daunting Army 150

Shephali Chitre

1. Devil’s Fear 151

Sooshilla Gopaul

1. An Introspect 153

P. L. Sreedharan Parokode

1. The Interview Missed 154

2. The Evening Walk 156

Stephen Deepak

1. Corona Virus in India 157

2. What we couldn’t, the CORONA did 158

Taniya Chakraborty

1. Quarantine 160

2. Purification 161

Vignesh Thangavel

1. Haloed be thy Name 162

2. A River Called Love 163

3. The Judgment Predicament 164

V. Varsha Shree

1. My School – ‘BRV’! 165

Sudarshan Kcherry

1. Being & Beyonding 167

K. V. Dominic

1. Coronavirus, Mightiest Wizard of all Times 170


International Journal on Multicultural Literature (IJML) 9.1 (Jan. 2019) ISSN 2231-6248


The Concept of a free democratic world and optimistic

vision of a perfect future as the essence of Whitman’s

Poetry: An Appraisal 07

- S. Chelliah

Subalternizing Nature Towards Ecological Crisis in the

Andamans: Reading Pankaj Sekhsaria’s

The Last Wave: An Island Novel 13

- Shruti Das

A Poet, Compassionate and Sensitive: An Evaluation of K. V.

Dominic’s Poetry 23

- Poonam Nigam Sahay

Brij Bhalla’s The Cosmic Dance Waltz in Spheres of

Divinity and Humanity 35

- Poonam Dwivedi

Human Rights and South African Literature 43

- M. Prabhakar & K. Ram Mohan

Sri Aurobindo’s Poetic Capability to Arrive at a Knowledge of

Secret Things and Potentialities of Nature through the Spiritual

Language of Poetry: An Appraisal 52

- C. Ramya

Nissim Ezekiel: An Insightful Analysis of Poetry-Philosophy

Interface 58

- Kanchan Mehta

Interpretation of O. Henry’s Short Story,

‘The Gift of the Magi’ Using Linguistic Approach 67

- B. Sushma

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History, Order and Transgression in Roy’s

The God of Small Things 72

- Kirtika Singh

Dream and Reality in Ramesh K. Srivastava’s

“Road Not Taken” 80

- Gurdeep Tripathi

Love and Gender Politics in As You Like It 86

- Rupesh Singh

When Love Plays Foul: A Feminist Perspective of

Toni Morrison’s Love 95

- Sebin Justine

Timeless Women in Kavery Nambisan’s The Scent of Pepper 103

- Veena. K. G


S. Kumaran’s Philosophical Musings for a Meaningful Life:

An Analysis of K V Dominic’s Poems—A Critical Appraisal 110

- Ramesh Chandra Mukhopadhyaya

T. Vasudeva Reddy’s Farewell Ring and Other Stories—

Stories Based on Real Incidents 115

- D. C. Chambial


K. V. Dominic’s Sanchita Karma and Other Tales of Ethics

and Choice from India 120

- D. C. Chambial

Mai Van Phan’s Tinh Lang (Silence) 125

- Manas Bakshi

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Review of K. V. Dominic’s “I can’t Count My country Free” 130

- Greshma Clement



- Ramesh K. Srivastava

World Environment Day 140

- K. V. Dominic


- Manas Bakshi


- Sabita Chakraborty



- D. C. Chambial


- D. C. Chambial


- D. C. Chambial

Godavary River in Floods 153

- Satyam S. Moorty

Godavary River in Summer 154

- Satyam S. Moorty

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Sailing from Athens to Greek Islands 34

- Satyam S. Moorty

Fear in My Palm! 155

- Satyam S. Moorty

A Hamlet of Brahmin Widows 79

- Satyam S. Moorty

Breakdance of Democracy 109

- Manas Bakshi

All That’s Needed 124

- Manas Bakshi

Empty Lives... 156

- Neha Motwani

Interrogation: an Existential Enquiry 157

- Neha Motwani

Practice the ‘Pause’ 158

- Neha Motwani

I folded my Hands 159

- Omkar Kundu

Bharathiar’s Poem – “Nirpadhuve Nadapadhuve”

(To be or not to be) A Transcreation 160

- A. Vanitha

List of Contributors 162


 International Journal on Multicultural Literature (IJML) 9.1 (Jan. 2019) ISSN 2231-6248


Shakespeare and Modern Times of Interdisciplinary Studies 07

- Mateti Prabhakar

Rewriting History in Poetry: a Study of Mary Oliver’s 16

“The Lost Children”

- Diwakar Regmi

Elemental Identities: Subservience, Resistance and Recasting 26

of the Subaltern Existence in Anand Neelakantan’s Vanara

- Lekshmi R. Nair

Spiritual Humanism in the Selected Poems of 33

Tagore and Devkota

- Khum Prasad Sharma

Exodus in the Dust Bowl Series of John Steinbeck 43

- J. Beaulah Joseline

Deliberate Self Harm: An Insight into Stephenie 49

Meyer’s New Moon

- S. B. Chandhini Priyadharshini

Eco-economy as a Solution to the Crisis Caused by 55

Globalization in Jeanette Armstrong’s Whispering in Shadows

- Gowri Priya Aanand & D. E. Benet

Portrayal of Social Life in the Novels of John Updike 63

- Mehrunnisa M. Yunus

Cow—A Wealth in the Ancient Indian Literature and 70

Archetypal in Present Indian Literature

- Mousumi Ghosh

Some Noble Thoughts on Ancient Classical Greek Tragedy 76

- S. Moorty

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Vraisemblablisation Initiates Restrained Performance: 81

An Analysis of Bollywood Tawaifs as Subalterns

- Sabita S Babu

Beauty and Delight: Sri Aurobindo and Romantic Poets 91

Towards Future Poetry

- Santanu Basak

Bioregionalism in Amitav Ghosh’s The Hungry Tide 99

- J. Thamaraiselvi

Scripting the Self: Traversing the Parallel Worlds in 105

Margaret Atwood’s The Blind Assassin

- A. Vanitha


Multicultural Symphony with Four Cords: K.V. Dominic’s 113

A Clarion Call of Conscience

- Poonam Dwivedi

Cultural Displacement and Identity Crisis in Diasporas 119

and Dilemmas: The Voice of an Exile

- G. Loganayaki


Ramesh K. Srivastava’s “Different from Others” in K. V. Dominic’s

(ed.) A Journey from Within to Beyond: A Bunch of Short Stories

Culled from Different Cultures 124

- Sabita Chakraborty


K. V. Dominic’s “Salute to Farmers” 126

- Nandita Bhattacharya


Education Scenario in India: A Few Limitations and their 130

Probable Solutions

- Ch. Swathi & Srivatsan Ramesh

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The Great Hospitality, Scientific Advancement and

Culture of China—A Travelogue 136

- Ramesh Chandra Mukhopadhyaya


The Unheard Voice of the Sylvan Children:

An Interview with Tribals of Villupuram District 140

- G. Loganayaki


Mother Tongue Impact 143

- K. V. Dominic


In the Vision of a Child 150

- Manas Bakshi

A Wanderer’s Silhouette 151

- Manas Bakshi

Wither My Mother Tongue, Telugu!!! 152

- S. S. Moorty

Life!!! 69

- S. S. Moorty

Walking Together 123

- Biswanath Kundu

Every Time is the Right Time 142

- Biswanath Kundu

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Contact versus Connection 129

- Biswanath Kundu

Petition 153

- Rajiv Khandelwal

Mother in Our Joint Family 154

- Rajiv Khandelwal

That is Me 32

- Rita De

Beyond 15

- Rita De

A Glass Case of Emotions 155

- Tanuja Patil

The Proper Lady 90

- Tanuja Patil

Broken Mirror 156

- Tanuja Patil

The Tattoo Story 157

- Ansulika Paul

A Fallen Piece of Paper 158

- Ansulika Paul

My Soul 159

- Omkar A Kundu

A Day on a Beach 149

- Ishika Bansal

Dawn Time 42

- Ishika Bansal

List of Contributors 161


Saturday, 12 December 2020

Elegy on Professor T. V. Reddy

 Elegy on Professor T V Reddy

K. V. Dominic
Lord Venkateswara,
why have you called back
your dear bard so soon?
The spiritual epic, his masterpiece
turned out to be his swan song
It came out of the press just a few months back
Couldn’t you grant him some more time
to get feedback of this sublime book?
Gentle breeze would have brought to your feet
more rhapsodies from his lips
Renowned poet Professor T V Reddy,
you were our dearest President
Elder brother and mentor
Your departure without any notice
drowned us in the ocean of grief
Time can’t fill the chasm
Irreplaceable is your absence
Started your career as Lecturer of English
Proved eminent Professor, Principal, Emeritus Fellow
Author of 21 books--poet, novelist,
short story writer, critic, grammarian
Your distinct poetic style
meeting point of past and present
Combination of beautiful structured rhymed
poetry and well crafted unrhymed free verse
Rhythm as musical as ripples of brook
A rural muse of Tirupati, portrayed
beauties of landscapes, flora, fauna,
poor people, animals and birds
Sorrows and tragedies of people around
brimmed your eyes and flowed to paper
Exploitation and corruption of politicians
hurt your mind and composed
excellent lampoons and satires
Spiritual and pious to the core
superb philosophical, metaphysical
poems flowed from your pen
Professor Reddy, how humble and simple you were
Never showy, preferred to be mute in assemblies
Gentle and loving to anyone who meets
Inspired and guided younger poets and critics
Your talk on English poetry enlightened the audience
Lord Venkateswara,
don’t you see your bard
shooting rays on you like a star?
Still your bard is yet to be
prescribed in universities’ syllabuses
Don’t you want to spread your message
every nook and corner of the world?
Professor Reddy glitters like a gem
among sparkling poets of the world
As sun can’t be hidden by moon
we are sure, Professor Reddy
can’t be ignored by universities for long

Tuesday, 6 October 2020

K V Dominic's Haiku on Covid-19


Haiku on Covid-19

K V Dominic


Congregation prays:

God save us from the pandemic

God: I am helpless


Man: Aren’t we your dearest?

God: It’s your ego tells you so

All my creations darling to me


Man complains to God:

Are we fated to live with mask?

God: Enough you polluted air


Dawn now echoes birds’ chirps:

Thank you, thank you, thank you God

For restoring our rights


Coronavirus to man:

A lesson for your conceit

Be humble and kind


Man to coronavirus:

What harm have we done to you?

Virus: you called us


Earth to human beings:

Except you all are happy now

Reward for your crimes


God to human beings:

Mask you wear is punishment

For masking in your lives


Little boy to mom:

You punished for using cell phone

Now force for online classes


Earth to human beings:

You wash your hands for survival

Crimes’ blood still remains


Infants wail to guilty adults:

Pandemic is your own product

We are drowned in it


Animals warn humans:

Exploit more you perish more

Creator protects us


Mother Earth to quarryman:

How ruthless you dynamite

Mother’s breasts that fed you!


River to her mother sea:

Man raped and stabbed head to foot

Threw his waste on me


Plight of human being:

Social being now antisocial

Result of his karma


Members of same group

Bound to keep distance each other:

Reward of leagued crimes


Animals to humans:

You are caged and we are free

Tit for tat, mind you!



























Friday, 21 February 2020

"K. V. Dominic’s God’s Tribunal as the Departure from the Reality" by Prof. Dr. K. Balachandran

K.V. Dominic’s God’s Tribunal as the Departure from the Reality
Prof. Dr. K. Balachandran

(Paper presented in the 64th All India English Teachers’ Conference, organized by Magadh University, Bodhgaya and AESI, Feb. 6th – 8th 2020)


K. V. Dominic’s God’s Tribunal is a One Act Play which stands as a good example in Indian English literature for the departure from the reality.  Reality is one thing / aspect and departure is another.  Reality narrates one as it exists, prevails and functions.  Departure is a deviant one deviating for the present position/existence.  This One Act Play presents a complicated issue - man mishandling the problems on the earth, about which animals (cow, tiger), bird (cuckoo), Nature (tree), fish, the earth, why even women complain to God for justice. What are their complaints against man and how God reacts to them are truthfully narrated by the writer.  Has the earth become unlivable? Is the earth for human beings only? What are the problems in the human kind? Is man doing more harm than good? The 9 characters (God, Earth, Man, Woman, Cow, tiger, cuckoo, tree and fish) also present a deviant argument and picture which are lively and true. The paper presents a vivisection of the One Act Play and also a reality of departure – a novel portrait in words by the playwright.

Full Paper

            Dominic’s One Act Play God’s Tribunal is a departure from the reality because (i) The 9 characters are from all sections - not only human beings (man, woman), but also animals (cow, tiger), bird (cuckoo), Nature (Tree), one of the five elements (earth), fish and God. (ii) It is not only about people but for people and by people.  (iii) All the eight characters (except God) have assembled on the top of a mound expecting God’s appearance and arrival. (iv)  Generally when God exhibits Himself there’ll be thunder, rain or storm; but here it is a gentle breeze and a gleam in the sky.  (v) It is God’s voice and not his presence.  It is like a voice from the heaven.
            The voice of the God proclaims that He has summoned all, since he has been getting complaints from the above mentioned 8 characters.  The voice (speech) of God implants his views:  “I have created this earth and then all inhabitants with a purpose that you all should live here most happily.  I have bestowed here on this planet whatever needed for your existence.  So there is no scope for any complaint.  But I am fed up with listening to your complaints” (God’s Tribunal, p.154).  
            When God asks man about his complaint, man tells, “We have little happiness and peace here”.  God explains to him, “Heaven and hell is here on earth itself.  It is in your own minds I reside in you and all my creations.  I have no separate entity. As I am invisible, I live in your soul. It is true that you are separate from other creatures by having reasoning power or developed brain.  It is the same reasoning power which makes you most selfish of all creatures.”  He asks him who are responsible for destroying his happiness and peace.  Is it because of his co- existence with other creatures?
            As a kind of reply to God all the 5 (cow, tiger, cuckoo, tree and fish) tell, “Human beings have destroyed our peace and existence too.”  God pacifies them and again asks man about his genuine problem.  As a representative of human being, he speaks “13% people are starving, 1% richest people control the lives of the entire human race” (GT, p. 155).  He questions God, “Why have you created such divisions among us very few rich and vast majority poor?”  He argues further, even if the poor people raise above their standard of living they fail. 
They are born poor and die poor.  They have been praying regularly in temples, mosques and churches.  But nothing has changed.  Still majority people have no basic amenities without peace of mind and happiness.  When human beings have such problems, God created non human beings without problem.  They don’t work hard as human beings have to for their food.  Whatever they need are provided by God around them.  They don’t worship him; yet they are provided with what they need.  His complaints are the playwright’s ideas about the humanities.
            God replies him that his (man’s) problem lies in his brain since his brain function is different from creatures’ brain function.  His mental activities are both advantageous as well as disadvantageous.  With his brain he has done more harm than good for him and others. Man is more selfish than other beings.  He (God) admits that he is responsible for all the mess in his (man’s) brain which now boomerangs on him.  He further elaborates that the entire earth is for all creatures’ living.  He hasn’t created any wall between the human beings and other beings.  He has bestowed the earth with sufficient food and other necessities.  When other beings are happy with them man alone is not.  Because of his selfish nature and not satisfied with the necessities endowed by him, mighty people conquer and deprive the weak, and amass and become richer.
            God admits that he is helpless at this juncture and clears the doubt of man, “I never demand you to worship me. Instead you have created innumerable religions and gods”.  These are all part of his (man’s) selfishness.  He is not praying for the welfare of all who are his own brothers and sisters.
            The creator again proclaims that there is only one creator.  Man creates many Gods and religions for power and wealth and to exploit the poor.  Maximum number of crimes, massacres and violence are committed in the name of religion.  They forget to promote love and compassion.  In lieu of it, they instil hatred and discomfort.  Each religion (falsely) believes that theirs is the best and followers of that religion alone will be saved.  He advises man, “You should first learn that work is worship.  What I expect from you is love and compassion.  Love your fellow beings, all living and non-living bodies and the planet itself which is your abode.  When you love them, you love me.  Live and let live should be your policy” (GT, p.156).  This is the playwright’s idea about humanity and he speaks through the mouth of God. 
            Now God asks woman about her complaints.  She tells him that God created both male and female in all the species.  For the continuation of his creative process both are needed.  Among non human beings both male and female have equal status, whereas in the humanity, women are controlled, exploited and suppressed by men.  Men assume superiority over women.  There is no equality in any field.  In most homes, decisions are taken by men only.  Wives have no rights, but duties only.  They are treated as servants or slaves: destined to labour from dawn and dusk.  Ill treatment by their husbands is a common sight.   Physically they are tortured.   Parents prefer sons to daughters.  Birth of a son is a happy occasion whereas the birth of a daughter is seldom welcomed and celebrated.  Female feticide is a frequent one in the low income class.  She continues:
Rape, kidnapping, sex trade, murder of girls and women are found in almost all societies.  There is discrimination in the labour sector. Women are given lesser wages.  They are sexually exploited.  We are not treated equal in praying and worshipping you.  In most of the religions, clergies are all men.  Women are denied entries in some worshiping places.  Dear Father, kindly make men refined and good natured. (GT, p.156)
            What the woman spoke is the reality in this world.  It picturises the precarious plight of women.  Her accusation against men folk cannot be denied.  Her earnest entreaty to God to make men refined and good natured is timely and it has to be tackled without further delay.  Here the playwright brings out the struggles and sufferings of women and by doing this, he expects reaction and amelioration from the stronger sex.
            As a kind of reply and relief measure God tells her, “I haven’t injected any evil instincts into any of my reactions.  Females in other beings have no such complaint.  There male and female live in perfect harmony.  No female being will surrender to a male being.  She will resist and he will go back” (GT, p.157).  He advises her to apply the same strategy that non human beings practise.  “Man can’t live without woman and woman can’t live without man.  They are created for each other.  For the continuation of a species, union of both is necessary.  So there is no question of superiority or inferiority. Both are equals and they should live with perfect harmony and rhythm.  They are part of the universal concert and symphony” (GT, p.157). This is not only the voice of God; but also that of the playwright who has a very clear vision about male and female, their importance for the species called humanity.  There is no question of domination by one sect over the other.  Equality should be the axle of husband-wife relationship.
            Animals have their own grievances.  When God asks them, cow comes as the representative of domestic animals – cattle, sheep, dog, cat, pig, fowls, horse, donkey, camel and elephant.  Its complaint: “We have been serving man as he likes but in return we have not been treated gratefully.  We have been poorly fed and beaten. When we are old and weak, not able to serve him like slaves physically, he kills us and eats” (GT, p.157).  Man slaughters them and kills them inch by inch.  Dogs are deserted and they roam in streets.  Puppies and kittens overrun by man’s vehicles.  Though domestic animals have the tag ‘domestic’ (meaning enjoying man’s love and their liberty) very rarely they are treated so. The cow continues, “We could have lived happily in the forest along with our counterparts there with no fear of human beings.  Dear God, either set us free or make them refined and compassion- ate to the animals” (GT, p. 157). Here also one can find the playwright’s ideas about domestic animals and man’s attitude towards them in the speech of the cow.
            On behalf of the wild animals, Tiger expresses their complaints to God.  They have been leading a very comfortable life in the forests.  Whatever they need, are in plenty in forest.
But human beings, not satisfied with what they were allotted, started encroaching our dwelling places, destroying forests.  We have been hunted by them.  Now we have little food and water for our survival.  So we are compelled to go out of our dwelling places in search of food and water and we are killed by human beings, since we entered their villages.  What justice is there?  Dear God, command human beings to reforest and regain our dwellings and never enter into our area. (GT, pp. 157-158)
From the tiger’s complaint one can understand how human beings are inhuman to the animals and their encroachment in the latter’s area.
            Cuckoo representing all birds on earth tells God about their complaints. “Our grievance is similar to tiger’s.  Since man has destroyed forests as part of encroachments and trees in his villages to construct building after buildings we have lost our abodes as well as food and water. Many of our species have become extinct” (GT, p. 158).  The complaints from birds are truly represented by the cuckoo.  If the existing condition continues, birds will be wiped of from this planet.  They don’t do any harm to human beings.  Instead they have been serving the humanity - giving happiness to their eyes, ears and minds.  Is this not true? Here also one can see the view point of the playwright, his concern for the birds and how human beings have to change their approach and attitude towards them.
            Next comes a tree to record its complaints to God on behalf of all trees. They are fated to live static and immovable.  Their selfless sacrifice and service only sustain all living beings.  Mainly they take carbon -dioxide and let oxygen which is the most important for all beings.  “Human beings so ungratefully kill us, uprooting us, cutting into pieces and even burning, alive… they do it for their comforts and luxuries.  They don’t understand that we too have life and sensations like them.  Their recklessness and destruction mania will wipe out plant life, animal life and their own existence from this planet” (GT, p. 158).  The voice of this tree is the voice of the playwright who feels much for the various plant kingdom in Nature.
            On behalf of the living beings in water, a fish comes forward to complain to God.  It is very angry and asks, “Are we created just for the consumption of other creatures?  Aren’t we dear to you as all other beings?  Don’t you see the cruelty and massacre done to us by human beings?  We never do any harm to man but he tries to extinct us from our habitations… we are used for their pleasurable taste.  In addition to the mass butcher, man poisons our dwelling and billions die of toxins every day” (GT. p.158). Nobody will say that the complaints are untrue.  The writer’s concern for living beings in water is justified by the argument of a fish.
            Lastly God invites Earth. She voices forth her complaints:
I am your daughter and these all are my children. My complaint is, in fact, the totality of their complaints… human beings are the only species responsible for the imbalance of Nature.  They are not only exploiting and destroying other beings and plants, but also wounding me inch by inch.  Don’t you see the atrocities they do on my body digging, mining, quarrying, building huge structures, dams and above all poisoning my wounded body by dumping electronic and plastic wastes… if you remove man from my body, I will recover soon and you can find a paradise once again. (GT, p.159)
As the complaints of all, here also the complaint of the earth is true and unrejectable.  It is the playwright’s ideas voiced forth by the cow.
            So all the complaints have been registered by God and now he has to give his judgment for which all have been waiting anxiously.  He declares it that after hearing all their complaints, he has come to the conclusion that human beings are responsible for all the problems on the earth.  Like them God is also much grieved because he only created man with a noble purpose.  Like any human father, he also will he happy to see the well being of his children, their happiness and harmonious life with co-habitance.  But he is not able to see it.  Human beings have more mental powers and functions.  They have reasoning power.  They can differentiate between good and bad.  He had the impression that human beings would choose only the right things which are beneficial to them and other beings and avoid bad things that are detriment to them and also for others living.  His final verdict, “Having created I can’t call them human beings back.  I am still hopeful that they would learn lessons from their wrong deeds and lead a harmonious life with other beings and Nature.  If they do not change, a total destruction of human race would result”.  He at last cautions humanity, “Life would continue on this planet without man and harmony would be regained, and there will be no more complaints from any creations”  (GT, p.159).
            All the 6 characters (excluding man and woman) heave sigh of relief and tell in a chorus, “We long for that doomsday.”  Now man and woman are in a precarious condition. Is this warning necessary? Yes, it is for their inhuman life.  Why there are so many storms and forest fire in all the continents? Excess rain during rainy season, rain during the harvest times, no rain when it is needed - are not these punishment by the various elements (Rain God, Fire God) in this universes? They occur only to punish human beings.  This realization has not come.  But political leaders and people cry, “This storm has come! That rain downpours!”  When human beings exceed their limit, naturally the five elements will start punishing.  This has to be realized and understood by human beings and mend their ways, not indulging in unfair activities.  If they change they will find Heaven on earth (Terrestrial Heaven), if not hell only on the earth.
            In this regard K.V. Dominic’s One Act Play, God’s Tribunal in a fine eye opener to all.  Though it is small in 6 pages, its message is powerful, multifarious and multi functionary.  He has deviated from other playwrights to inculcate what he wanted to convey.  Thus the playwright has word painted a vivisection of the present day humanity and man’s harmful activities and how it is most urgent that he turns a new leaf in the interest of all human beings.  “Live and let live” is the simplest message, but it is really a noble and timely one!
Primary source
Dominic, K. V. God’s Tribunal. Writers, Editors, Critics, vol. 9, no. 1, March 2019, pp.154-159.

Prof. Dr. K. Balachandran, Former Prof., Dept. of English, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar – 608 002 (Tamil Nadu), is a bilingual writer who has published 20 books (16 in English and 4 in Tamil) and a number of poems, research articles and reviews in India and abroad. A Gold Medalist from Annamalai University, he has won several awards. He has been serving as UPSC Examiner for the past 20 years. After retirement he has served as Dean and Principal in two colleges.